Frequently Asked Questions about CBD and Hemp
1. What is CBD?
CBD is cannabidiol, a safe, non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in hemp. CBD is one of the two major cannabinoids found in cannabis. There are 100+ minor cannabinoids that form to make what is known as Full Spectrum CBD. The fact that CBD products are non-intoxicating is an appealing option for patients looking for relief from inflammation, pain, anxiety, psychosis, seizures, spasms, and other conditions without disconcerting feelings of lethargy or dysphoria.
Scientific and clinical research—much of it sponsored by the US government—underscores CBD’s potential as a treatment for a wide range of conditions, including arthritis, diabetes, alcoholism, MS, chronic pain, schizophrenia, PTSD, depression, antibiotic-resistant infections, epilepsy, and other neurological disorders.
CBD has demonstrable neuroprotective and neurogenic effects, and its anti-cancer properties are currently being investigated at several academic research centers in the United States and elsewhere. Further evidence suggests that CBD is safe even at high doses.
2. Is CBD legal?
Section 7606 of the 2014 United States Farm Bill defined hemp as "any part of the plant, whether growing or not" meaning any part including the seeds, fiber and floral material. This includes extracted hemp products that contain CBD but have less than 0.3 percent of THC (the intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis) that have been sourced from a legal source (ie. industrial hemp grown as part of Sec 7606 pilot program).
In addition, on February 6, 2004 the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a unanimous decision in favor of the Hemp Industries Association (HIA) in which Judge Betty Fletcher wrote, "They (the DEA) cannot regulate naturally-occurring THC not contained within or derived from marijuana-i.e. non-psychoactive hemp is not included in Schedule I. The DEA has no authority to regulate drugs that are not scheduled, and it has not followed procedures required to schedule a substance. The DEA's definition of "THC" contravenes the unambiguously expressed intent of Congress in the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and cannot be upheld".
On September 28, 2004, the HIA claimed victory after DEA declined to appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States the ruling from the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals protecting the sale of hemp foods. Agricultural hemp remains legal for import and sale in the United States. Since 2004, hemp products have been Federally legal in accordance with the Federal law of the land.
3. What are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are compounds extracted from the cannabis plant and can also be found in other plants like daises, sunflowers, peppers, and more. Recent scientific breakthroughs are determining how cannabinoids react within the human body's endocannabinoid system.
4. What is the Endocannabinoid System?
The recently discovered Endocannabinoid System is found in the human body's Central and Peripheral Nervous System. The Endocannabinoid System is responsible for maintaining homeostatic action in the body, like mood, memory, appetite, thermoregulation, sleep and more.
To date the Endocannabinoid System comprises of CB1 and CB2 receptors. These receptors regularly receive endogenous cannnabinoids. These receptors can also receive phytocannabinoids like hemp-derived cannabinoids, that mimic endogenous cannabinoids and can serve as a supplement to our endocannabinoid system.
5. What is the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil?
CBD oil is commonly referred to as hemp oil, and the terms can be used interchangeably; however, there is also a cold-pressed hemp oil that comes from the seed of the plant and does not contain CBD. When shopping for CBD products that are labeled as hemp oil, look for a mg concentration (ex. 500mg), this denotes a concentration of cannabinoids, like CBD, in the bottle.
6. What is Hemp Extract?
Hemp Extract is a combination of CBD and other cannabinoids that are formed to create a Full Spectrum CBD blended extract produced from agricultural hemp cultivars. This extract is commonly mixed with carriers like cold-pressed hemp seed oil or MCT oil as well as terpenes.
7. What is Full Spectrum CBD?
Full Spectrum CBD is a combination of cannabidiol (CBD) and other minor cannabinoids. These cannabinoids may include but are not limited to cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabidiolic-acid (CBDa), tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), tetrahydrocannabinolic-acid (THCa) and tetrahyrdocannabinol (THC).
8. What is CBD isolate?
CBD isolate is pure CBD. CBD is extracted from the plant then undergoes an additional selection process to extract and crystallize the CBD into 99.6% to 99.9% CBD. CBD isolate does not contain THC.
9. What is the appropriate dosage for CBD?
In order to follow FDA regulations, we cannot provide information regarding the correct dosage for products; however, we can tell you that it is best to start low and take it slow, until you find the desired effects. Your tolerance will build over time.
10. Does CBD oil contain THC?
Some hemp-derived Full Spectrum CBD products will contain THC; however, by law hemp-derived products must contain less than 0.3% THC. Some Full Spectrum CBD products remove THC from the blended extract. If you are drug tested it is important to find a zero THC CBD product. These are CBD isolate products or products that specifically state "THC free" or "zero THC."
11. Does CBD cause a failed drug test?
CBD is not a drug and is not detectable by drug screens; however, drug tests look for "marijuana metabolites" which are a metabolized form of THC called 11-nor-delta9-caboxy-THC (THC-COOH). Some tests (like the Department of Transportation) have a zero-tolerance policy and when they sample urine tests, they search for THC-COOH in nanograms. Other tests are not this thorough, but there is still a risk.
Because Full Spectrum CBD can contain trace quantities of CBD, it is possible to fail a drug test. Alternatively, CBD isolate contains zero-THC and in theory should provide the ability to pass a drug test.
12. Is industrial/agricultural hemp legal?
Yes. Processed fibers and processed foods have always been legal and excluded from the Controlled Substances Act; however, Sec 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill opened hemp production for research purposes and pilot scales in institutions of higher education and State departments of agriculture.
Currently if you grow or process hemp, you must retain a registration or license from your State Agricultural department to do so. You do not need a registration or license to purchase the finished products. The Hemp Farming Act of the 115th Congress has been submitted and is under consideration. This bill will completely legalize commercial hemp farming without the restrictions of section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill.
13. What part of the plant produces CBD?
CBD and other cannabinoids are primarily produced in the floral material of the plant.
14. What are terpenes?
Terpenes are aromatic hydrocarbons found in the cannabis plant and other conifers. Terpenes are responsible for the potent smell cannabis and conifers produce. Full Spectrum CBD often contains terpenes, but CBD isolate does not.
15. What is the Entourage Effect?
The Entourage Effect is the theory that certain cannabinoid compounds only affect the human body only when combined with other compounds like other cannabinoids or terpenes but do not produce the same effect when isolated.
16. What extraction method is best?
Because hemp has been federally regulated for the last 80 years, research is still underway to determine the best extraction method for producing cannabinoids. The most popular methods include CO2 extraction and ethanol extraction. The most important aspect of extraction is to ensure the end product does not contain residual solvents. Ensuring the product is residual solvent free is one of the steps in Anavii Market's verification program.
17. What are the health benefits of CBD and other cannabinoids?
As per the FDA, we cannot make medical claims regarding the health benefits of CBD; however, we encourage you to search on google to find an abundance of information regrading the health benefits of CBD.
In particular, research Patent 6630507 pertaining to "Cannabinoids as an antioxidant and neuroprotectant" held by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. We also encourage you to read through the World Health Organization's report on CBD stating its low potential for abuse with a good safety profile and demonstrated effective treatment for epilepsy with Phase III clinical trials for Epidiolex as well as various other therapeutic benefits.
18. What are the health benefits of hemp foods?
Hemp foods are made from hemp seeds or pressed hemp seed oils and are incredibly nutritious. They offer a wide variety of important health attributes. Hemp foods like hemp hearts, cold-pressed hemp seed oil and hemp protein are high in protein, all nine essential amino acids that the body desires but does not produce and has a near perfect Omega 6 to Omega 3 ratio. Clinical studies indicate that hemp products reduce inflammation and improve circulation, factors of primary importance in the cure and prevention of many diseases. Within three months they reported significant improvements in cholesterol and blood pressure. They also can help to boost the immune system and provide fiber to care for the digestive tract. Regular intake of hemp foods can help to improve overall health.
19. How can I get involved in the hemp industry?
There are lots of ways to get involved in the hemp industry. Before founding Anavii Market, our Co-Founders, Annie and Jason, each started non-profits in their respective states. In 2012 Jason started the Virginia Industrial Hemp Coalition and in 2015 Annie started Friends of Hemp. You can help these organizations by becoming a member or donating to the causes.
In addition, there are a variety of other non-profits that are working diligently to support the movement, like the US Hemp Roundtable, Hemp Industries Association, Vote Hemp and the National Hemp Association. You can also become a member of these organizations, attend their conferences, or follow and share their content on social media.